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lailasamburu
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apercu d'une nouvelle vie...de l'Europe au Kenya...un voyage de decouvertes...POESIES
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19.07.2006
Dernière mise à jour :
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Pour l'avenir du pays...

Publié le 13/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Pour l'avenir du pays...

Le Kenya va augmenter ses investissements dans l`enseignement public


Nairobi, 13/03 - Le Kenya envisage de faire plus que tripler les fonds destinés au secteur de l`enseignement public durant les cinq prochaines années pour répondre à la demande croissante, indique un plan stratégique du gouvernement publié lundi à Nairobi.

Dénommé Programme d`assistance du secteur de l`éducation au Kenya (KESSP), ce plan quinquennal prévoit l`augmentation de cinq pour cent des investissements dans l`éducation pour atteindre huit milliards de dollars américains d`ici à 2011.

Le programme prévoit également le recrutement de 40.000 enseignements du primaire et du secondaire.

Le Kenya dépense près de 1,2 milliard de dollars américain dans l`éducation, soit 20 pour cent du Produit intérieur brut (PIB), mais 60 pour cent de cette somme sont destinés à payer les enseignants.

Le secrétaire permanent au ministère de l`Education, Karega Mutahi, a déclaré que le plan stratégique sera un tremplin pour le leadership, la collaboration et les structures qui renforceront la mise en oeuvre du programme à tous les niveaux de formation.



Industrie ecologique

Publié le 12/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Industrie ecologique
Now, world’s biggest solar greenhouse opens in Naivasha

By CATHERINE RIUNGU
Special Correspondent

The world’s largest commercial project using solar panels for heating greenhouses has been launched in Kenya.

Based at Bilashaka Flowers in Naivasha, the Ksh40 million ($54,000) project is a joint venture between the government of Netherlands and a Kenya-based Dutch breeder, Van Kleef Roses Ltd. The only other country with a similar (but smaller) project is Germany.

The project comes hot on the heels of the carbon emissions controversy. Reports have emerged that the UK could drastically reduce imports from Africa under the “food miles” policy that seeks to reduce aeroplane contamination of the atmosphere.

Agriculture Minister Kipruto Kirwa said the project is testimony that Kenya is ahead of other flower producing countries in developing environment-friendly technologies. Three years ago, Kenya became the first country in the world to develop geothermal greenhouse heating technology at Oserian Flowers.

The global community is lobbying the retail chains to consider all carbon emissions from production to the point of sale, not just the distance travelled. The argument is that Europe produces more carbon than Africa and so it would be unfair to deny market access to its growers based only on the miles covered to deliver the produce.

According to Van Kleef director Judith Zuurbier, the solar panel is expected to increase production by up to 20 per cent by creating a better growing environment as well as to reduce costs incurred through kerosene heating. Equally important is reduction of carbon emissions from the kerosene as well as reliance on non-renewable energy.

Heating and lighting for greenhouses is required to prolong daylight since flowers require at least 14 hours of light per day as well as warmer temperatures at night.

And now the Kenya Flower Council wants the industry to shift to solar energy as the main source of heating for greenhouses as the sector fights to convince the world that flowers from this part of the world are produced in an environmentally responsible manner.

According to chairman Erastus Mureithi, the government could go into private public partnership with the council to assist the industry to switch to the technology, borrowing from the government of Holland, which has joined hands with Van Kleef to set up the landmark solar project in the country.

The council also wants the government to support the Ksh25 billion ($342 million) sector in developing a “green label” brand for marketing its produce abroad. This is aimed at countering the impending labelling of products that have been imported using aeroplanes.

“Since supermarkets in Europe intend to create awareness among consumers through the powerful tool of labelling, instead of fighting the move, we can turn the events in our favour by labelling our produce climate-friendly,” Mr Mureithi said.

Mr Kirwa asked the sector to give the government a proposal on how to develop large-scale greenhouse solar heating so that its implementation can be worked out.

Apart from its being a showcase for replication in other flower farms in the country, the Van Kleef project has the potential to draw growers from across the world as they tap natural energy.

Kenya has been a learning centre for the flower industry, as the country has one of the most successful horticultural sectors in the world.

South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia and Rwanda are among African countries whose delegations frequently visit Kenya to learn about management of the flower sector and to borrow expertise on setting up their own codes of practice.

According to KFC chief executive officer Jane Ngige, Kenya’s code of practice is internationally accepted and benchmarked against quality labels.

Among these are Eurepgap, the International Labour Organisation and the Flower Label Programme. Kenya is also in the process of getting accreditation from the Tesco Trade Sector Scheme.

Tesco, the biggest supermarket in the EU, is spearheading the “food miles” campaign, which is set to become the biggest challenge so far for the fresh produce trade.

Kenya is currently the leading supplier of cut flowers to the EU, with a 31 per cent market share. It has held this position since edging out Israel.

Securite

Publié le 11/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
100,000 reasons to be afraid

Story by DAVID OKWEMBAH and DOMINIC WABALA
Publication Date: 3/11/2007

There is one illegal gun to every 300 Kenyans, according to government estimates.

And it is these 100,000 illegal weapons which have facilitated the spike in crime and been used in the killing of many Kenyans.


Curious onlookers vie for a glimpse of the bodies of two suspected gangsters shot dead yesterday at Nairobi’s Outer Ring Estate after they reportedly carjacked a motorist in a saloon car. Photo/CHRIS OJOW
A Sunday Nation investigation in Nairobi revealed that there are tens of gangs which provide a deep and widening market for illegal weapons.

Guns for use in carjackings and robberies are readily available for hire and for as little as Sh1,000 in some parts of Eastlands, investigations show.

Police are aware that they can never win the war against gun crime unless there is a significant reduction in the amount of illegal weapons available to criminals.

Later in the week, more than 8,000 illegal guns will be set ablaze.

But there are problems with the licensing of firearms as well and all firearm licences are being evaluated afresh.

The illegal weapons problem is regional and not confined to Kenya. The executive secretary of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Mr Francis Sang, said: “A study done in sub-Saharan Africa indicated that there are more than 3 million guns in the region.”

But neither RECSA nor the government has carried out a proper study to establish the exact number of weapons in the wrong hands.

“We are now working with researchers from universities in the sub-region to help us quantify the number and how to tackle the problem”, the RECSA boss added.

But the problem is likely to be much worse and the numbers a lot worse.

An agency within the Office of the President, which is charged with the task of getting back illegal weapons, quotes a survey that indicated six per cent of Kenyans — that is 1.2 million people — had access to weapons.

About 4,000 weapons are properly licensed, and an unknown number are held on the basis of temporary three-month permits which the Firearms Bureau is no longer renewing.

The Kenya National Focal Point on Small Arms and Light Weapons, quoting the survey, said Rift Valley and Nairobi provinces have the highest concentrations of illegal guns. But the agency would rather not put numbers to the problem.

“There are many illegal firearms in Kenya. Putting a figure on it is misleading,” the national co-ordinator of the Kenya Focal Point, Mr Peter Eregae, told the Sunday Nation.

The agency said six per cent of Nairobi’s three million residents have access to illicit guns.

In Rift Valley, with eight million inhabitants, five per cent of the population have access to illegal firearms. The problem is more acute in North Rift where a 2003 study by a Nairobi-based non-governmental organisation estimated that there could be as many 137,000.

Kenya Police Director of Operations Mr David Kimaiyo described that estimate as “highly exaggerated”.

He said an operation to mop up illicit arms in the North Rift led to the recovery of 2,300 guns, mainly from Samburu herdsmen.

Mr Sang, former director of the Criminal Investigations Department (CID), said the police recover an average of 1000 guns every year.

Mr Camlus Omogo of the Security Research and Information Centre (SRIC), the NGO that carried out the North Rift study, said the number of illegal firearms is on the rise.

“The conflicts in this region and robbery reports indicate illegal firearms have increased,” he said.

Another study by a Swedish organization a year ago estimated there were 1.3 guns for every three Kenyans. This includes legal and illegal arms.

The study could, however, not determine the precise number of illegal weapons.

The Focal Point boss said the main source of the weapons are conflict countries such as Rwanda, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Sudan, among others.

The Focal Point, a department in the ministry of Internal Security, said the demand for illegal guns was being driven by insecurity, cattle rustling and other criminal activities.

On March 15, about 8,000 illegal guns will be burnt at Uhuru Gardens, Nairobi.

It will be a significant day for RECSA because it marks seven years since the signing of the protocol on small arms.

Kenya, which has so far destroyed 12,000 guns, will be burning illegal weapons for the third time.

Through RECSA, which is based in Nairobi, Kenya is among the 12 countries drawn from Eastern Africa combating the use of small arms.

Countries which have destroyed guns in the past two years include Ethiopia (1700), Tanzania (7000), DR Congo (4000), Rwanda (6000) and Burundi (200).

“Proliferation of small arms in this region is tied to various conflicts,” the RECSA executive secretary

“It is meaningless for just one country to deal with the proliferation of small arms when neighbours are in conflict”, Mr Sang noted. He said it was from this viewpoint that Kenya initiated the establishment of RECSA. The RECSA boss said the regional body was trying to put safety measures in place to deal with the proliferation of small arms.

He said the organization had come up with the Best Practice Guidelines to address the problem.

He said some of the measures captured in the guidelines include control, seizure and destruction of firearms.

Mr Sang said RECSA was emphasising that all weapons recovered by member countries or those which are obsolete should be destroyed.

“If this is done, then illegal firearms will be reduced”, he noted.

Mr Omogo, a researcher with SRIC says proliferation of small arms has reached worrying proportions.

“Even a petty crime now involves a firearm”, the researcher says noting that this was a departure from the past where guns were used in bank robberies.

He said the destruction of guns reduced the firearms in circulation besides being symbolic commitment by the government to deal with the proliferation of small arms.

He noted that guns were easily available in the country with the AK-47 rifle retailing for up to Sh 20,000.

Mr Eregae said the Kenyan office was in the process of setting up an electronic database at the Central Firearms Bureau to ensure all guns given to various arms of government are accounted for.

Mr Eregae said Kenya was among countries that was sponsoring the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to the United Nations general Assembly to deal with the proliferation of small arms.

The Treaty obliges states to refuse to authorize export or transfer of arms in cases where it would result in the violation of human rights or international humanitarian law.

He said RECSA had developed a training curriculum for law enforcement agencies on firearms.

The body is also encouraging each National Focal Point to establish a working relationship with members of the civil society to carry out advocacy and awareness


UN SCANDALE...!!!!

Publié le 09/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Le Kenya prévoit 2,86 millions de dollars pour la préparation des Jeux africains

KENYA - 15 février 2007 - XINHUA

Le gouvernement kenyan a réservé 200 millions de shillings kenyans (environ 2,86 millions de dollars) pour la préparation des Jeux africains qui auront lieu en juillet à Alger en Algérie, a rapporté jeudi le journal local Standard.

La Secrétaire permanente du ministère des Sports, Rachael Dzombo, a indiqué mercredi à la presse que cet argent était destiné aux fédérations préparant des équipes pour les Jeux.

S'exprimant à l'occasion du lancement du Comité de pilotage des Jeux africains, Mme Dzombo a effacé les craintes de ceux qui pensait que le gouvernement ne financerait pas certaines disciplines.

"Le lancement de ce comité est un signe du sérieux avec lequel le gouvernement considère les Jeux. Les Jeux sont une vitrine pour les pays africains, d'où l'importance que nous leur accordons", a- t-elle déclaré.

"Nous travaillons avec un budget de 200 millions de shillings kenyans. Nous avons demandé aux fédérations de prendre en charge les frais pour les préparations locales et les indemnités des joueurs, mais le gouvernement interviendra pour les déplacements à l'étranger", a-t-elle précisé.

COMMENTAIRE PERSONNEL :
Dans un pays ou l'infrastructure routiere est deplorable, ou une si forte proportion de la population vit largement en dessous du seuil de pauvrete, ou les soins medicaux corrects sont inabordables pour beaucoup, ou l'acces a l'eau potable reste encore un probleme crucial et ou l'anaphabetisme touche encore tant de jeunes...Comment peut-on justifier une telle depense...???

8 mars, journee internationale de la Femme

Publié le 09/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
8 mars, journee internationale de la Femme
Women continue to suffer in silence

Publication Date: 3/9/2007

Yesterday was the International Women’s Day, which provides a forum every year to assess the achievements made in empowering women in all fields of human endeavour. In particular, it is a chance to challenge governments to see what structures they have put in place to ensure that women fully exploit their potential.

However, in Kenya, many women celebrated the day with a sense of gloom. In fact, for the majority in the rural areas and urban slums, such day means pretty little. Quite particularly, events of the past few months have confirmed women’s suspicions about the Government’s commitment to their empowerment.

For one, there has been disquiet among women in the past few days after the Government declined to appoint Mrs Jacinta Mwatela the new Central Bank Governor, yet she had acted in that position for a year.

Second, the Gender Commission, solely created and strengthened to address issues affecting both men and women, has been collapsed into a department of Social Services.

These two issues have sent strong signals about the Government’s real commitment to gender equity.

However, the day also provided an opportunity for women to reflect on issues that are very close to their hearts, including gender violence. And this was aptly captured in this year’s theme: “Ending Impunity for Violence Against Women and Girls”.

Reports from all over the country indicate that women and girls are subjected to physical, mental, emotional and psychological violence in their daily lives. Fear of exposing perpetrators of the violence has made the culprits even more aggressive. We have seen authorities acting only after the media expose teachers long after they have impregnated several girls. Many parents, out of fear, would rather settle incestuous or rape cases against their daughters out of court. This makes the offenders carry on their acts with impunity. Worse, the punishment for such crimes is wanting.

Nominated MP Njoki Ndungu’s Sexual Offences Bill that could have largely helped deter violence, especially against women, was diluted during debate in Parliament before it was passed into law.

The challenge is to continue the campaign to insulate women against all harmful practices.

A la recherche de la verite...

Publié le 07/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
A la recherche de la verite...
Kenya Nairobi rejette le rapport de l'ONU sur la pauvreté

KENYA - 3 mars 2007 - PANAPRESS

Le gouvernement kenyan s'est gaussé, vendredi, des conclusions du rapport des Nations unies sur le développement humain sur la situation dans le pays, estimant qu'il est basé sur des statistiques dépassées.

Le rapport du Programme des Nations unies pour le développement (PNUD), présenté lundi, à Nairobi, indique que le fossé qui sépare les riches des pauvres au Kenya s'est élargi, quatre des huit provinces ayant enregistré une aggravation de la pauvreté.

Il a noté qu'un Kenyan sur deux vit dans la pauvreté, même si le nombre de Kenyans vivant en situation d'extrême pauvreté a connu une légère baisse.

Le ministre des Finances, Amos Kimunya, et son conseiller en matière de Planification économique, Henry Obwocha, ont déclaré à la presse que le gouvernement allait publier sous peu une Enquête intégrée sur les ménages kenyans, qui devrait donner une image plus juste de l'indice de développement social et économique du pays.

Selon M. Kimuya, les statistiques utilisées pour préparer le rapport du PNUD dataient de 10 ans et étaient, par conséquent, dépassés et erronées.

"Cela signifie que le diagnostic que le rapport fait de la pauvreté est basé sur des statistiques qui ont changé (au cours des deux dernières années)", a-t-il constaté, dans un communiqué.

De son point de vue, "lorsque l'enquête intégrée sur les ménages kenyans aura été finalisée, ce document permettra au pays de mettre à jour les statistiques sur la pauvreté, les indices des prix à la consommation et les données sur les comptes nationaux."

Pour sa part, M. Obwocha a indiqué que l'économie kenyane connaissait une forte reprise, avec une croissance de 5,8% en termes réels depuis l'année 2005, alors qu'elle n'était que de 0,8% en 2002.

Le rapport du PNUD note que 10% des ménages les plus riches du Kenya contrôlent plus de 42% de la richesse nationale, tandis que les 10% plus pauvres ne possèdent que 0,76% du revenu national.

Essor touristique...???

Publié le 07/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Essor touristique...???
Kenya targets more tourists

Story by LUCAS BARASA in Berlin, GERMANY
Publication Date: 3/8/2007

The International Tourism Bourse started here yesterday with Kenya expressing hope of attracting more than one million international visitors by air this year.

Kenya Tourist Board chairman Jake Grieves Cook said Kenya also expected to earn more than Sh60 billion from tourism, up from last year’s Sh56 billion.

Mr Cooks who was accompanied by Tourism permanent secretary Rebecca Nabutola and Kenya’s ambassador to German Mutuma Kathurima said about 900,000 visitors used Kenyan airports last year and that the figure is expected to supersede one million this year.

Addressing journalists at Kenya’s stand Mr Cook said about 800,000 visitors crossed to Kenya through land borders last year.

“International arrivals by air is good for foreign exchange and safari tours,” Mr Cook said.

The chairman said more than 180 countries and 10,000 exhibitors were participating in the annual bourse- which is the biggest travel show in world and that Kenya is expected to benefit a lot from it.

Ms Nabutola who is leading a team of 37 Ministry of Tourism, KTB, hotel, tour and travel agents to the bourse said it will showcase Kenya as best tourist destination.

“Competition is high, 184 countries are exhibiting. Everybody is competing for 800 million tourist expected from world this year,” she said.

Ms Nabutola said the challenge facing the country was how to package the destination and improve on products.

The PS said although most Germans who came to Kenya were interested in beach products, “we are trying to diversify and introduce safari.”

“Britons come for safari. We want to promote Kenya as a land of diversity and as a cultural destination,” Ms Nabutola said.

She said the government was working round the clock to sustain the momentum the sector was now enjoying as it was the biggest contributor to Gross Domestic Product.

She said issues of concern included improvement of road sector and investment in accommodation and conference facilities.

Mr Kathurima said Kenya’s tourism had continued to flourish because of stability the country was enjoying.

He said many of German tourists coming to Kenya were repeat tourists and that the challenge was “to make new finds.”

The envoy said Kenya receives about 83,000 tourists from Germany annually.

He said the figure could even have been more if direct flights were introduced from Kenya to Germany.

Sauvegarde du patrimoine

Publié le 02/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Sauvegarde du patrimoine


Mesures du gouvernement pour sauver les lacs menacés

KENYA - 27 février 2007 - PANAPRESS

Les autorités kenyanes ont annoncé plusieurs mesures radicales pour sauver trois grands lacs de la province de la Vallée du Rift, menacés d'extinction.

Les lacs Nakuru, Elementaita et Bogoria enregistrent une baisse alarmante du niveau de leurs eaux en raison de la destruction, de l'envasement et de l'empiètement sur les bassins hydrographiques ainsi que de la destruction des affluents.

Les mesures, annoncées par voie de presse lundi, comprennent l'élaboration d'une stratégie de gestion des bassins hydrographiques, afin d'aider à la mise en place de plans de gestion réalisables pour les bassins menacés.

Les autorités prévoient également la formulation de stratégies de gestion des sous-zones de captage des eaux afin de participer à la surveillance, à la réhabilitation et à la conservation des masses d'eau.

Le gouvernement prévoit également de mettre en place des Association des usagers des ressources hydriques pour tous les fleuves dont les eaux s'écoulent dans les lacs menacés, afin d'améliorer la gestion des ressources hydriques.

Les autorités comptent aussi organiser plusieurs fora sur les techniques de gestion et de conservation de l'environnement pour les membres des Association des usagers des ressources hydriques, tandis que des plans prioritaires de distribution de l'eau sont élaborés.

Le ministère de l'Hydraulique et de l'Irrigation a pour objectif de réhabiliter les stations d'évaluation du débit de l'eau, alors que l'élaboration de plusieurs protocoles d'accord entre les instances chargées de la gestion des lacs Nakuru et Bogoria est en bonne voie.

Et conformément à la stratégie de gestion des zones de captage de l'eau nouvellement proposée, le gouvernement a "délimité et dé-catégorisé" diverses unités de gestion des ressources hydriques "afin d'aider à déterminer les zones d'exploitation des terres et les priorités en matière de gestion des ressources hydriques".

"Les problèmes des trois lacs sont tous les mêmes, à savoir la destruction des zones de captage, l'envasement, l'eutrophication, le changement de régime hydrologique ainsi que l'empiétement et la destruction des lignes d'affluents", indique l'annonce.

Les autres mesures de redressement prises sont la sensibilisation du public sur la nécessité de réhabiliter, de conserver et de protéger les bassins hydrographiques de Mau et d'Aberdare et de procéder à une "surveillance régulière" de la qualité et de la quantité de l'eau qui s'écoule dans les lacs menacés.

Par ailleurs, le gouvernement a aussi annoncé l'arrestation et la poursuite en justice des personnes trouvées en train de détruire les zones de captation et les lignes de partage des eaux de ces lacs dans le cadre des mesures de répression qui détournent illégalement l'eau des fleuves qui alimentent les lacs menacés.

Selon les autorités, 33 personnes ont été arrêtés, 24 poursuivies et deux condamnées à trois mois de prison chacune, tandis que 38 pompes à eau ont été confisquées et cinq canalisations à circulation naturelle illégales ont été enlevées, dans le cadre de la repression.

Photo jointe ; Lac Nakuru

A titre preventif...

Publié le 02/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
A titre preventif...
Le Kenya élabore un plan sur l'alerte anticipée sur le tsunami

KENYA - 1 mars 2007 - XINHUA

Le Kenya a élaboré un Plan d'action national contre le tsunami en vue d'améliorer sa capacité d'anticiper le tsunami et de mieux réagir, a indiqué mercredi le vice-président Moody Awori.
Le plan d'action à appliquer en collaboration avec les partenaires du développement permettra d'avoir un système d'alerte approprié en faveur des communautés vulnérables et des personnes touchées en cas de tsunami, a expliqué le vice-président, lors de la 4ème session du Groupe de coordination intergouvernementale de l'alerte sur le tsunami en océan Indien et du système d'atténuation, organisée dans la ville portuaire de Mombasa (sud du Kenya).

A cette occasion, M. Awori a souligné la nécessité de renforcer la préservation de l'écosystème côtier et la biodiversité, relevant que les végétations côtières et les récifs de corail aident à protéger les zones côtières contre les raz-de- marée et les inondations.

La réunion de trois jours est organisée par la Commission de l'océanographie intergouvernementale de l'Organisation des Nations unies de l'éducation, des sciences et de la culture (IOC/unesco), en collaboration avec le gouvernement kenyan.

La rencontre qui a lieu pour la première fois en Afrique attire des participants de plus de 40 pays dans le monde.


Photo jointe : Tsunami du 26/12/2004 en Asie

Un bienvenu...

Publié le 01/03/2007 à 12:00 par lailasamburu
Un bienvenu...
Low-Cost Antimalaria Pill Available

Joao Silva for The New York Times

In Africa, the disease kills 3,000 children each day.

Article Tools Sponsored By
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
Published: March 1, 2007

A new, cheap, easy-to-take pill to treat malaria is being introduced today, the first product of an innovative partnership between an international drug company and a medical charity.

The medicine, called ASAQ, is a pill combining artemisinin, invented in China using sweet wormwood and hailed as a miracle malaria drug, with amodiaquine, an older drug that still works in many malarial areas.

A treatment will cost less than $1 for adults and less than 50 cents for children. Adults with malaria will take only two pills a day for three days, and the pill will come in three smaller once-a-day sizes for infants, toddlers and youngsters.

In Africa, malaria kills 3,000 babies and children each day, but combination drugs like this are not available for children under 11 pounds, and they require taking a larger number of pills each day, as many as 24 for some adult versions.

“This is a good thing,” said Dr. Arata Kochi, chief of the World Health Organization’s global malaria program, who has publicly demanded that drug companies stop making pills that contain artemisinin alone because they will lead to resistant strains of malaria. “They’re responding to the kind of drug profile we’ve been promoting.”

Doctors like to treat diseases with multidrug cocktails because it cuts down the chance that resistance to any one drug will develop.

Adm. R. Timothy Ziemer, coordinator of President Bush’s $1.2 billion Malaria Initiative, said the program would be willing to buy the new pill, assuming it meets international safety standards and is requested by countries the initiative supports.

Sanofi-Aventis, the world’s fourth-largest drug company, based in Paris, will sell the pill at cost to international health agencies like the W.H.O., Unicef and the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

The rollout of the drug is the result of a two-year partnership between Sanofi and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative, a campaign started by the medical charity Doctors Without Borders to find new drugs for tropical diseases.

Doctors Without Borders, better known by its French name, Médecins Sans Frontières, has long been one of the harshest critics of the pharmaceutical industry, charging that it spent billions on drugs like Viagra, Ambien and Prozac for rich countries and almost nothing on diseases killing millions of poor people.

But, recognizing that new drugs would have to come from the industry’s major players, Doctors Without Borders founded the initiative in 2003 and began seeking partnerships. This is the first to come to fruition.

“This was not a love wedding, it was a reasonable wedding,” said Dr. Robert Sebbag, Sanofi’s vice president for access to medicines. “But reasonableness is often more important for a long marriage. They’ve seen we are not nasty people working against poor countries and seeking only profits.”

In an unusual move, Sanofi has decided not to seek any patents so the pills can be freely copied by generic companies like those in India. The drugs themselves are too old to patent, but the one-pill formulation could have been.

Sanofi will also produce a branded version, called Coarsucam, for the private market, to be sold at three or four times the public price. It will be sold only in Africa, Indonesia and the Philippines, the company said, not in the United States or Europe.

In another innovation, Sanofi will meet with pharmacists’ organizations in poor countries and give them incentives to sell Coarsucam at two different prices — at less than $1 to very poor customers and $3 to $4 to wealthier ones.

It will leave it to the pharmacists to estimate which of their customers lived on less than the cutoff income, which is about $40 a month, Dr. Sebbag said.

“Even in these countries, you always have some people who can pay,” he said.

The company has already experimented with the idea in six African countries, from Mali to Kenya to Madagascar, when selling its previous version of the drug combination, which was separate pills of each drug in a blister pack.

The company will package the cheaper Coarsucam differently and have its sales staff check to make sure that pharmacies are not selling the cheap product at the high price.

Neither version, at either price, will bring Sanofi much profit, “but in terms of symbolism, it means a lot,” Dr. Sebbag said.

One reason for keeping the price low, he said, was to remove the incentive for counterfeiters to produce fakes, which is a serious problem in Asia and a growing one across Africa. Fake malaria drugs — most offered as artemisinin — may be involved in up to 200,000 deaths from malaria each year.

ASAQ and Coarsucam will not replace a rival drug, Coartem from Novartis, a Swiss pharmaceutical company, that has been sold cheaply to the W.H.O. since 2001. Coartem combines another form of artemisinin with lumefantrine, another Chinese drug, and in East Africa, it works better than ASAQ because resistance to amodiaquine is common.

“But ASAQ is much more easy to use,” said Dr. Bernard Pecoul, director of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative. “And it is nearly half as expensive.”

Novartis used to sell Coartem to public health agencies at close to $3 per adult treatment; its price has dropped recently to about $1.70 as Indian companies announced the development of generic versions. Dr. Kochi said he expected prices to fall further with the competition from ASAQ.

“It’s the chain reaction of market competition,” he said. “This is exactly what we wanted.”
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